Kabacan is a wedge-like community that denotes stability and prosperity for its 73,991(2007 Census) people living in 24 barangays namely: Aringay, Bangilan, Bannawag, Buluan, Cuyapon, Dagupan, Katidtuan, Kayaga, Kilagasan, Magatos, Malamote, Malanduage, Nangaan, Osias, Pedtad, Pisan, Poblacion, Salapungan, Sanggadong, Simone, Simbuhay, Tamped, Lower and Upper Paatan. Barangay Simbuhay and Tamped can be reached through motorboats via Rio Grande de Mindanao. All Other Barangays are accessible by land transportation.
Kabacan is centrally located in Cotabato Province and geographically located at 7’10” North Latitude and 124’50” East Longitude. It is bounded on the North by the Municipality of Pres. Roxas, on the east by the Municipality of Matalam, M’lang on the south and on the west by the Municipalities of Carmen and Datu Montawal, Maguindanao. It is 34 kms away from Kidapawan City, the Provincial Capital of Cotabato. It is 87 kilometers away from Polloc Port (Parang, Maguindanao), approximately 94 kilometers away to Cotabato airport and 149 kilometers away from Davao airport.
The Municipality is traversed by the Cotabato-Davao Highway and Kabacan-Cagayan de Oro Highway. It is also the pick-up point for Tacurong City-General Santos City route. Available means of transportation are buses, L-300 vans, jeepney and multi-cabs. Tricycles and tricycabs are also available within the municipality.
Almost 70 percent of the total land area of Kabacan is characterized by flat to undulating landscape particularly on the mid portion and Southern part .It is traversed by the Kabacan River which empties at Pulang iRiver. A dozen of creeks and small bodies of water streams across its length and breadth with majority winding up to the Ligawasan Marsh. Moderate to steep slope of 30-50 percent is located on the northern portion of the municipality particularly in barangays Bangilan, Pisan, Simone, Simbuhay and Tamped. Undulating to rolling areas are within the foot of the mountain ranges. The lowlands account the biggest area with an estimated area of 37,391 hectares, 4,078 hectares are moderately sloping and the remaining 3,340 hectares are strongly sloping.
As to climate, type B prevails in the municipality. It was in CY 2008 that records the highest total monthly rainfall with 2,811.6 mm compared to CY 2007 and CY 2009. This type of climate is conducive to intensive rice cultivation and plantings of bananas and other fruit trees. It was noted that the months of January and October were the hottest months and the coldest month was experienced during the month of May with 23.44 ˚C.
The agricultural lands of Kabacan is composed of around 16,750 hectares of Kabacan Clay Loam, Kabacan Clay is about 8,499 hectares, San Manuel Loam 2,960 hectares. Undifferentiated soil is found in the northern portion of the municipality with an estimated area of 12,500 hectares. Aroman clay is about 548 hectares which is located on the Western portion of the municipality extending up to Carmen.
Slope classification in the area ranging from 0-3% level to nearly level, 3-8% which is gently sloping to undulating, 8-18% undulating to rolling, 18-30% rolling to moderately steep and 30-50% moderate to steep, these are located in the northern portion of the municipality and level to nearly level occupies the largest area which are found in southern part of the locality.
Slight erosion occurs in areas near the Pulangi River particularly barangays Pedtad, Buluan, Nangaan, Simone, Simbuhay and Tamped and also along the KabacanRiver. However, erosion in mountain ranges like Bangilan and Pisan has been successfully reduced due to the implementation of reforestation program. About 5,000 hectares along the Ligawasan Marsh, PulangiRiver, KabacanRiver and Dalupuan Creek are among the flood prone areas in the municipality especially during rainy season.